MeinmahlaKyun Wildlife Sanctuary

MeinmahlaKyun Wildlife Sanctuary

Country: Myanmar
Site Number: 2280
Area: 50,000 ha
Designation date: 03.01.2017
Coordinates: 15'51'N 95'16'E
Administrative region Bago Region

 

The Site is a coastal wetland in the southern part of the Irrawaddy Delta, which is also an ASEAN Heritage Park. It supports one of the largest remaining mangrove areas of in the Delta, where mangrove ecosystems have declined due to activities including logging, fishing and development of shipping lanes. Now the mangrove species are being replaced by mangrove date palm (Phoenix paludosa). The Ramsar Site is of international importance for a number of reasons. It has a substantial carbon sequestration capacity, and so is important in mitigating global climate change. It also supports globally threatened species such as the critically endangered hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelysimbricata) and mangrove terrapin (Batagurbaska). The latter is particularly significant for the Site because it is listed under the IUCN Red List as regionally extinct in Myanmar. Other threatened species include the endangered great knot (Calidristenuirostris), Nordmann’s greenshank (Tringaguttifer), green turtle (Cheloniamydas) and dhole (Cuonalpinus). Vulnerable species include the Pacific ridley turtle (Lepidochelysolivacea), fishing cat (Prionailurusviverrinus), lesser adjutant (Leptoptilosjavanicus) and the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaellabrevirostris). The Site is also the last estuarine habitat in Myanmar for the salt water crocodile (Crocodylusporosus). It holds significant cultural and historic value for the people of Myanmar, based on myths and pilgrimages which closely connect them to their environment.

The Ramsar site lies within Bogalay Township, Ayeyarwady Region, in the eastern Ayeyarwady delta region of Myanmar, about 140 km southwest of Yangon. It is roughly 46 km north-south and from 5 to 10 km across. The township main town of Bogalay lies 24 km